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ARTHROSCOPY | Keyhole Surgery

What Is Arthroscopy?

Arthroscopy is a surgical procedure doctors use to look at, diagnose, and treat problems inside a joint.

Your doctor may recommend it if you have inflammation in a joint, have injured a joint, or have damaged a joint over time. You can have arthroscopy on any joint. Most often, it’s done on the knee, shoulder, elbow, ankle, hip, or wrist.

What Happens During the Procedure?

Your doctor will perform arthroscopic surgery in a hospital or outpatient operating room. That means you can go home the same day. The type of anesthesia you’ll receive depends on the joint and what your surgeon suspects is the problem. It may be general anesthesia (you’ll be asleep during surgery), or your doctor will give it to you through your spine. He might also numb the area he’s doing the surgery on.

Your doctor will insert special pencil-thin instruments through a small cut (incision) the size of a buttonhole. He’ll use a tool called an arthroscope that has a camera lens and a light. It allows him to see inside the joint. The camera projects an image of the joint onto a screen. The surgeon will fill the joint with sterile fluid to widen it so it’s easier to see.

He’ll look inside the joint, diagnose the problem, and decide what type of surgery you need, if any. If you do need surgery, your surgeon will insert special tools through other small incisions called portals. He’ll use them to cut, shave, grasp, and anchor stitches into bone.

If your surgeon decides you need traditional, “open” surgery to fix the problem, he may do it at the same time as your arthroscopic surgery.

Afterward, he’ll remove the arthroscope and any attachments. He’ll close the wound with special tape or stitches.

What About Recovery?

You may have some pain in the joint after surgery. Your doctor may prescribe pain medication. He might also prescribe aspirin or other medication to prevent blood clots.

You may need crutches, a splint, or a sling for support as you recover.

Arthroscopic surgery usually results in less joint pain and stiffness than open surgery. Recovery also generally takes less time.

You’ll have small puncture wounds where the arthroscopic tools went into your body. The day after surgery, you may be able to remove the surgical bandages and replace them with small strips to cover the incisions. Your doctor will remove non-dissolvable stitches after a week or 2.

While your wounds heal, you’ll have to keep the site as dry as possible. This means covering them with a plastic bag when you shower.

Your doctor will tell you what activities to avoid when you go home. You can often go back to work or school within a few days of surgery. Full joint recovery typically takes several weeks. It may take several months to be back to normal.

Rehabilitation or specific exercises can help speed your recovery. Your doctor will tell you which ones are safe to do.

When to Call Us

Complications are rare. They happen in fewer than one in 100 cases. If you do have complications, they can include infection, blood clots, damage to the blood vessels or nerves, and excessive bleeding or swelling. Instruments can also break during surgery.

Call Dr. Bejoy Jayan right away if you have any of these symptoms:

  • Fever

  • Pain that gets worse

  • Severe swelling

  • Numbness or tingling

  • Discolored or smelly fluid seeping from wound

Dr. Bejoy Jayan is a highly experienced Orthopaedic Surgeon, who specializes in Arthroscopy, Arthroplasty, Lizarov Surgery abd Complex Trauma. He has practiced joint replacement and hand & wrist surgery exclusively for over 5 years.

KMM Hospital, Perumpadappu, Malappuram 679580


Phone: +91 702 530 7551

          +91 812 928 3500

Email: bejoyjayan@gmail.com

M.B.B.S | M.S Ortho | MCH

Complex Trauma

Complex trauma describes both exposure to multiple traumatic events—often of an invasive, interpersonal nature—and the wide-ranging, long-term effects of this exposure. These events are severe and pervasive, such as abuse or profound neglect.

Arthroplasty

Arthroplasty (literally "[re-]forming of joint") is an orthopedic surgical procedure where the articular surface of a musculoskeletal joint is replaced, remodeled, or realigned by osteotomy or some other procedure.

Ilizarov surgery

The Ilizarov apparatus is a type of external fixation used in orthopedic surgery to lengthen or reshape limb bones; as a limb-sparing technique to treat complex and/or open bone fractures; and in cases of infected nonunions of bones that are not amenable with other techniques.

KMM Hospital, Perumpadappu, Malappuram 679580

Email: bejoyjayan@gmail.com

Perumbadappu | Kerala | India

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